ECOWAS heads of state and government on Monday recommended a government of national unity for Mali
During a virtual Extraordinary Session of the leaders of the sub-regional body, the west African leaders adopted a declaration towards settling the political crisis in Mali sparked off by disputed parliamentary elections.
The disputes had led to widespread riots, arson and killings in the West African country.
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Among conclusions by the Heads of State and Government are the formation of a Government of National Unity to comprise 50% nominees by government of the day, headed by President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, 30% by the opposition, and 20% by civil society groups.
It was also agreed that given the numerous challenges facing the country, some members of Government will be nominated before the National Unity Government is formed. These are the Ministers in charge of Defense, Justice, Foreign Affairs, National Security and Finance.
The Malian President was equally mandated to ensure the stepping down of the 31 parliamentarians who emerged from the disputed polls, while a by-election will be held as speedily as possible.
Also agreed was that steps should be taken to reconstitute the Constitutional Court in the country as soon as possible, while a commission of enquiry would determine and identify those responsible for the violence that led to deaths and casualties as well as public properties destroyed on July 10-12, 2020.
Equally resolved was that the government would step up efforts to secure the release of opposition figure, Soumaila Cisse, kidnapped since March, among others.
The ECOWAS Commission is to put in place a Monitoring Committee for the implementation of all the above measures.
Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari appealed to government and people of Mali to consider recommendations of ECOWAS Special Envoy, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan, and his team, in resolving the political crisis, saying a government of national unity will provide inclusivity and ensure peaceful co-existence.
Present at the virtual extraordinary meeting were the Presidents of Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Mali, Senegal, Liberia, Cote D’Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Burkina Faso, Guinea Conakry, Cape Verde, The Gambia, and Niger Republic, who is the ECOWAS Chairman.
Equally present was Mr Jean-Claude Kassi Brou, President of ECOWAS Commission.
The Declaration, to be communicated to relevant organs of African Union (AU) and United Nations (UN), also agreed to support President Keita in restoring peace and order to Mali, stressing that no anti-constitutional change of government would be accepted anywhere in West Africa.
In his remarks, President Buhari urged Malian political leaders to consider the fragile peace in the country and the likely spiralling effect on the sub-region.
“I wish to place on record, my commendations for the various layers of efforts, and especially, of former President Goodluck Jonathan, whose painstaking engagements as Special Envoy and Mediator, provided clear road-map to contain the crisis in Mali.
“I appeal therefore, to all the Malian stakeholders to consider the proposals for the reform of the Constitutional Court and the established modalities for resolving the continuous 31 seats issue at the National Assembly.
“Equally significant, is the need to address governance challenges, whose manifestations are at the core of restiveness across the country. In order to address these matters holistically, it is important that all Malians embrace the call for a Government of National Unity where inclusivity of participation in the affairs of governing their country will be a responsibility of each and every Malian actor.
“I wish to reiterate the imperative of compromise and concessions for a peaceful resolution of the current crisis which would be acceptable to all parties.’’
The President commended the Chair of the ECOWAS Authority of Heads of State & Government, for convening the Extraordinary Session to discuss the socio-economic, political and security developments in Mali, especially, following the outcome of the Parliamentary elections in the country, last March, 2020.
“Excellencies, dear colleagues and brothers, may I recall that last March, Parliamentary elections took place in Mali. Regrettably, results of 31 seats arising from those elections, provoked the spate of unrest and protests that became violent with tragic consequences in July 2020.
“We are still living and contending with the negative fallout from those incidents. Our organisation, the ECOWAS, using its instrumentality of peaceful resolutions of crisis and in the context of our Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance, embarked upon a series of efforts to address this crisis, at the levels of Ministerial Committee, Special Envoy & Mediator and to a select-group of Heads of State and Government and now, the Authority of Heads of State and Government, at this Extraordinary Session, today.
President Buhari thanked Development Partners, the EU, France, AU and the UN, urging them to continue to support efforts for national-regional security and stability of West Africa.
All ECOWAS leaders at the summit appreciated former Nigerian President, Goodluck Jonathan, who had been appointed Special Envoy and Mediator in the crisis.