May 28, 2024

G7 Leaders Unite for Hiroshima Vision on Nuclear Disarmament

18/05/2023. Hiroshima, Japan. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak meets Fumio Kishida Prime Minister of Japan feed carp fish for dinner after arriving in Hiroshima for G7 Summit. Picture by Simon Dawson / No 10 Downing Street
18/05/2023. Hiroshima, Japan. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak meets Fumio Kishida Prime Minister of Japan feed carp fish for dinner after arriving in Hiroshima for G7 Summit. Picture by Simon Dawson / No 10 Downing Street

The leaders of the G7 countries came together in Hiroshima to issue a joint statement reaffirming their commitment to achieving a world without nuclear weapons while ensuring security for all. The document, the first of its kind with a specific focus on nuclear disarmament, highlights the importance of transparency, non-proliferation, and diplomacy in realizing this goal.

In their statement, the G7 leaders condemned Russia’s irresponsible nuclear rhetoric, undermining of arms control regimes, and stated intent to deploy nuclear weapons in Belarus. They stressed that any use of nuclear weapons or threats of use by Russia in the context of its aggression against Ukraine are deemed inadmissible.

The leaders also underscored the significance of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime. They reiterated their unwavering commitment to a world without nuclear weapons while ensuring undiminished security for all. Additionally, the G7 leaders expressed regret over Russia’s decision to undermine the New START Treaty and called for its full implementation. Concerns were raised about China’s increasing nuclear arsenal build-up without transparency.

Transparency measures were emphasized in the statement, with the G7 leaders commending the United States, France, and the United Kingdom for providing data on their nuclear forces. They called on other nuclear-weapon states to follow suit and engage in meaningful dialogue with non-nuclear-weapon states on transparency and limiting nuclear competition.

The G7 leaders also urged the immediate commencement of long overdue negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons. They urged all countries to maintain voluntary moratoria on the production of fissile material until such a treaty is achieved. Furthermore, they condemned any nuclear weapon test explosion or other nuclear explosion, emphasizing the urgency of bringing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force. Concerns were expressed over Russia’s readiness to conduct a nuclear test and a call was made for adherence to the moratorium on nuclear tests.

Nuclear non-proliferation efforts were highlighted, with the G7 leaders reiterating their commitment to the complete, verifiable, and irreversible abandonment of North Korea’s nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs. They demanded that North Korea refrain from further destabilizing or provocative actions. Concerns were also raised over Iran’s nuclear program escalation, and diplomatic solutions were encouraged.

Safeguards, safety, and security in promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy were stressed as paramount. The leaders expressed profound concern over Russia’s attempt to control Ukraine’s nuclear facilities, which poses nuclear safety and security risks. They called for the highest standards of safeguards and the universal adoption of the Additional Protocol (AP) as fundamental components of the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

The G7 leaders further emphasized the need to maintain transparency in managing civil plutonium and opposed any attempt to produce or support the production of plutonium for military programs under the guise of civilian programs. They called on states to fulfill their commitments to report their holdings of plutonium to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

The leaders underscored the importance of disarmament and non-proliferation education and outreach. They encouraged visits to Hiroshima and Nagasaki to raise awareness of the realities of nuclear weapons use and supported initiatives that promote the engagement of youth, women, and civil society in disarmament and non-proliferation processes.

Here are 10 key takeaways from the G7 Leaders’ Hiroshima Vision on Nuclear Disarmament:

  1. Rejecting Nuclear Rhetoric: The leaders strongly condemn Russia’s irresponsible nuclear rhetoric, undermining of arms control regimes, and stated intent to deploy nuclear weapons in Belarus. They stress that any use of nuclear weapons or threats of use in the context of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine are inadmissible.
  2. Upholding Non-Proliferation Treaty: The Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is upheld as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime. The G7 leaders reaffirm their commitment to a world without nuclear weapons while ensuring undiminished security for all.
  3. Nuclear Arms Reduction: The overall decline in global nuclear arsenals since the end of the Cold War must continue and not be reversed. The leaders express regret over Russia’s decision to undermine the New START Treaty and call for its full implementation. They also raise concerns about China’s accelerating nuclear arsenal build-up without transparency.
  4. Transparency Measures: The G7 leaders emphasize the importance of transparency regarding nuclear weapons. They commend the United States, France, and the United Kingdom for providing data on their nuclear forces and call on other nuclear-weapon states to follow suit. They encourage meaningful dialogue with non-nuclear-weapon states on transparency and limiting nuclear competition.
  5. Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty: The leaders call for the immediate commencement of long overdue negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons. They urge all countries to maintain voluntary moratoria on the production of fissile material until such a treaty is achieved.
  6. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: The G7 leaders condemn any nuclear weapon test explosion or other nuclear explosion and emphasize the urgency of bringing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force. They express concern over Russia’s readiness to conduct a nuclear test and call for adherence to the moratorium on nuclear tests.
  7. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Efforts: The G7 leaders reiterate their commitment to the complete, verifiable, and irreversible abandonment of North Korea’s nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs. They demand North Korea refrain from further destabilizing or provocative actions. Concerns are raised over Iran’s nuclear program escalation, and diplomatic solutions are encouraged.
  8. Safeguards, Safety, and Security: The G7 leaders stress the importance of upholding the highest standards of safeguards, safety, and security in promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. They express profound concern over Russia’s attempt to control Ukraine’s nuclear facilities, which poses nuclear safety and security risks.
  9. Plutonium Management: The leaders emphasize the need to maintain transparency in managing civil plutonium and oppose any production or support of plutonium for military programs under the guise of civilian programs. They call on states to fulfill their commitments to report their holdings of plutonium to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
  10. Disarmament Education and Outreach: The G7 leaders underscore the importance of disarmament and non-proliferation education and outreach. They encourage visits to Hiroshima and Nagasaki to raise awareness of the realities of nuclear weapons use and support initiatives that promote the engagement of youth, women, and civil society in disarmament and non-proliferation processes
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments