National Security And Democratic Gains In Nigeria, By Emmanuel Ikodor

Indeed, African leaders are learning that peace, security, democracy, good governance, human rights and sound economic management are conditions for sustainable development.

They are making a pledge to work, both as a territorial nation and collectively, to promote these principles in their countries, sub-regions and the continent.

In Nigeria, a renewed hope for the greater good of the people of Nigeria came to be 29th May,2015, marking the assumption to President Mohammed Buhari lead government. For years that Boko Haram ravage the North-East part of Nigeria, the citizen have been clamouring for a end to the activities of the Radical islamist terrorist group, on which the Buhari 2015 presidential campaign partly center on, which also informed a major defeat of the Goodluck Jonathan government.

Current Challenges:

“Nigerians will not regret that they have entrusted national responsibility to us. We must not succumb to hopelessness and defeatism. We can fix our problems.”

War on Terror:

“Progress has been made in recent weeks by our security forces but victory cannot be achieved by basing the Command and Control Centre in Abuja. The command centre will be relocated to Maiduguri and remain until Boko Haram is completely subdues.”

Chibok Girls:

“But we cannot claim to have defeated Boko Haram without rescuring the Chibok girls and all other innocent persons held hostage by insurgents.”

Boko Haram:

“Boko Haram is a typical example of small fires causing large fires. An eccentric and unorthodox preacher with a tiny following was given posthumous fame and following by his extrajudicial murder at the hands of the police. Boko Haram is a mindless, godless group who are as far away from islam as can think of.”


“The messages i received from East and West, from powerful and small countries are indicative of international expectations on us. At home the newly elected government is basking in a reservoir of goodwill and high expectations.”

This are; to mention a few quote of President Muhammed Buhari, Inaugural Speech on 29th May,2015.

Thus, it was a distinct call of the new government to issues and enunciate various National Security Policy to provide the overarching framework that shall promote the citizen’s welfare and for the posterity of our nation. We look forward to this singular opportunity as this government hit the ground running, because the enduring principles, ideals, body-language did generate greater interest among our people and our institutions on various issues and concerns that affect our national security; the sum total of Nigerians well-being as well as our anchor as a democratic country, imbued with our hopes, dreams and aspirations.

Nigerians recognize fully well that the security challenges of the present-day are indeed far more complex than at any time in the history of our country. For we realize that the security challenges and concerns are intertwined locally, regionally and globally and that they are always interconnected with risk and opportunities within and our national boundaries.

By and large the President Muhammed Buhari government need to increase its initial momemtum, invisit or consult wide, collaborating among stakeholders, national security practitioners, experts and professionals to attain the broadest range of perspective and extensive co-ownership of our national undertaking.

A lot of attention on this Eight (8) years of violent conflict across North-Eastern Nigerian, is urgently needed, from the neglect of internally displace Nigerians, owing from visible lack in adequate support for; food, water, health care, shelter, education for the young displace children.

In Nigeria’s three most conflict-affected states — Adamawa, Borno and Yobe — more than 8 million people need humanitarian assistance. More than half are children.

Between February 24 and March 14, 2017, Conflict displaces people nearly reach 9,100 in Borno State, Nigeria.

1.76 million IDPs collectively displace in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states – January 2017, 109,000 internally displace in Niger – December 2016, 191,900 internally displace in Cameroon – January 2017, 106,100 internally displace in CHAD.

Which brings us to the question of budgetary allocation, meant for crisis area like the North-East. So many questions begging for answers from this near 2 years old Muhammed Buhari government.

IDP relief materials; What is the extend of supply outreach among many IDP camps spread accross the country?

Military spending; Military equipment and gears, supply logistic for solders at the battle against insulgent. Are this needs promptly provided ?

The close study of the 2017 Federal Government of Nigeria, budget proposal; Code No:NCFRD08177480, MDA: NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES, IDPS RESETTLEMENT IN THE NORTH-EAST, APPROPRIATION BILL shows: 3,064,555,500 billion naira amounted for IDPs.

Off course, this is not inclusive of the North-Eastern States: Taraba, Borno, Bauchi, Adamawa, Gombe and Yobe state budget on IDPs, neither are the international aids and donations part of the supposely money out there, meant for the fight against terrorism and its victims relief material.

Also going by the USAID;


FACT SHEET 11,FISCAL YEAR (FY) 2017      MARCH 16, 2017

8.5 million Population Require Humanitarian assistance in North-eastern Nigeria.


  1. USAID/OFDA:    $74,080,759 million
  2. USAID/FFP:     $55,572,524 million
  3. USAID/Nigeria: $16,143,510 million

TOTAL:         $321,458,785 million

with separate special consideration funding from other Global bodies, NGOs to Nigeria, still many areas of Borno and Yobe where humanitarian access remains constrained due to insecurity continue to experience Critical and Extreme Critical IPC levels of malnutrition, FEWS NET reports. Between October 2016 and January 2017, relief actors documented Critical malnutrition levels in six LGAs of Borno and Yobe, as well as Borno’s Rann IDP camp.

In four LGAs in Borno and Yobe and in Borno’s Ngala IDP camp, relief actors also reported Extreme Critical levels of malnutrition. Humanitarian agencies recorded the highest proxy global acute malnutrition levels—more than 39 percent—in Yobe’s Yunusari LGA.

The ongoing Nigeria Army military operations and attacks by suspected Boko Haram militants continue to generate population displacement all over the North-East. In Borno alone, between February 24 and March 8, Nigeria Army counterinsurgency operations contributed to the displacement of nearly 6,900 people from Borno’s Chibok, Damboa, Gwoza, Kala-Balge, Mafa, and Monguno local government areas (LGAs), according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). From March 10–14, military operations displaced approximately 1,200 additional people from Dikwa, Kala-Balge, and Monguno LGAs. During the same period, IOM recorded the relocation of more than 1,000 people to Borno’s Mobbar LGA from Niger.

This as inform urgent needs among recently displaced people and returnees include access to health care services, food, shelter, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance, and all this sure cost money.

In January, rising inflation, high transportation costs, and restrictions on food imports contributed to increases in the prices of staple foods—including sorghum and rice—in Nigeria, exacerbating food security concerns ahead of the July-to-October

lean season, FEWS NET reports.

How then are this IDPs budgeted amount spent?

Who is saddle with the task and responsibilty of ensuring transparency and accountability?

Who do Nigerian turn to for answer?

Is the President Muhammed Buhari government, sincere with the continue fight against the Boko Haram insulgent ?

What are the short and long plan strategy of various arms of Government, with regards to laws and policy that protects IDPs ?


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