Sudan’s military on Monday declared a state of emergency, dissolved the power-sharing government after arresting Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, wife Muna Abdallah, and several civilian ministers, including the minister of information.
In a televised address on Monday, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the head of Sudan’s armed forces, said an “independent and fair representative government” would assume power until an election is held in 2023.
Burhan added that several articles of the constitution were suspended while state governors were removed.
It was not clear where Prime Minister Hamdok and his wife were at the time of writing this report. Sudan’s Ministry of Information said on Facebook earlier on Monday that Hamdok had been placed under house arrest by “military forces.”
Social media posts and broadcast images showed that Hamdok home in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, was surrounded by the military.
Sundan’s Information ministry later said multiple government ministers arrested, including those who witnessed those arrest.
The Ministry of Information added that those arrested by the military included civilian ministers of Sudan’s transitional government and members of Sudan’s sovereign council. The Minister of Information was one of the senior officials arrested.
The Ministry added that military forces also stormed Sudan’s state broadcaster in the city of Omdurman and detained several workers.
The Prime Minister was said to have released a message from his house arrest, urging the Sudanese people to adhere to peaceful means of protest and occupy the streets to defend their revolution, according to the Ministry of Information, adding that Hamdok was under pressure to release a statement in support of the coup.
Last month, Hamdok survived a coup attempt and the United States condemned it and vowed to protect democracy in the northern African country.
The coup comes shortly after the military arrested several civilian officials, including the prime minister’s media adviser. Others who were arrested included Sudan’s ruling sovereign council member.
Sudan has been unstable since the former leader Oma al-Bashir was toppled after months of street protests in 2019.
Following his removal, a political transition agreed to lead to elections by the end of 2023.
The United States Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa, Jeffrey Feltman condemned the coup in a tweet on Monday morning.
“The US is deeply alarmed at reports of a military take-over of the transitional government. This would contravene the Constitutional Declaration and the democratic aspirations of the Sudanese people and is utterly unacceptable,” he twitted. “As we have said repeatedly, any changes to the transitional government by force puts at risk U.S. assistance.”
Last month, the United States condemned “the failed attempt by rogue military and civilian actors to seize power from Sudan’s Civilian Led Transitional Government (CLTG).”
“The United States continues to support the CLTG in its pursuit of a democratic transition for Sudan. We urge the CLTG to hold all those involved accountable through a fair legal process,” U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in a statement on September 22. “Anti-democratic actions such as those of September 21 in Khartoum undermine the call of the Sudanese people for freedom and justice and place international support for Sudan, including the bilateral relationship with the United States, at risk.”
Price added that the United States also condemns “any external interference that seeks to sow disinformation and undermine the will of Sudan’s people.”
“Along with a wide range of other international actors, the United States is mobilizing substantial assistance to help Sudan achieve the country’s economic and security goals,” Price said. “We will advance this support as Sudan makes continued progress in its ongoing transition, including the establishment of a legislative assembly, reform of the security sector under civilian leadership, and justice and accountability for past human rights abuses.”
USAID Administrator Samantha Power also condemned the failed coup attempt in Sudan, asserting that “these actions sought to undermine the will of the Sudanese people, who made extraordinary sacrifices during the 2019 revolution to end the country’s brutal dictatorship and who continue working for a democratic, peaceful, and prosperous future shared by all Sudanese.”
“We stand with the people of Sudan and the CLTG, and strongly oppose any attempts to disrupt Sudan’s transitional process,” Power wrote.
“During my recent visit to Sudan, I saw this hopeful, yet fragile, transition to democracy up close. I met with government leaders, student activists, refugees, and journalists who spoke about the progress that had been won after decades of oppression, as well as the urgent need to accelerate the pace of change on many fronts,” she said. “Like so many others, I am deeply inspired by their dedication to achieving a democratic, inclusive, and peaceful future benefiting all Sudanese. The United States remains committed – alongside allies in the region and around the world – to supporting the continuation of Sudan’s historic transition toward democracy, and to working with actors across Sudan to advance critically needed progress on economic, judicial, governance, human rights, and security reforms.”