PRESIDENT BUHARI MEETS US SEC OF STATES 3B. President Muhammadu Buhari meets with The United States Secretary of States, Mr Mike Pompeo alongside the United Nations General Assembly 73rd Session held in New York, USA. PHOTO; SUNDAY AGHAEZE. SEPT 28TH 2018

The United States on Wednesday chronicled major human rights violations that occurred in Nigeria in 2018, saying that both security forces and various armed groups, including Boko Haram fighters, herdsmen and farmers committed atrocities.

Boko Haram for instances killed thousands of people, displaced at least 1.8 million others and sent about 225,000 Nigerians as refugees yo Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

“Widespread violence across rural Nigeria, including conflict over land and other resources between farmers and herders, resulted in an estimated 1,300 deaths and 300,000 persons internally displaced between January and July, according to the International Crisis Group (ICG),” the Trump administration said while releasing Nigeria 2018 human rights report.

Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo, delivers to the media U.S. 2018 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices at the U.S Department of State in Washington DC on Wednesday, March 13, 2019. Photo: EMMANUEL IKODOR, TODAY NEWS AFRICA
Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo, delivers remarks to the media on the U.S. 2018 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices at the U.S Department of State in Washington DC on Wednesday, March 13, 2019. Photo: EMMANUEL IKODOR, TODAY NEWS AFRICA

The Nigerian security forces and non state actors, the report said, unleased unprecedented violence on many innocent people.

“Human rights issues included unlawful and arbitrary killings by both government and nonstate actors; forced disappearances by both government and nonstate actors; torture by both government and nonstate actors and prolonged arbitrary detention in life-threatening conditions particularly in government detention facilities; harsh and life threatening prison conditions including civilian detentions in military facilities.

“Often based on flimsy or no evidence; infringement on citizens’ privacy rights; criminal libel; substantial interference with the rights of peaceful assembly and freedom of association, in particular for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons; refoulement of refugees; corruption; progress to formally separate child soldiers previously associated with the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF).

“Lack of accountability concerning violence against women, including female genital mutilation/cutting, in part due to government inaction/negligence; trafficking in persons, including sexual exploitation and abuse by security officials; crimes involving violence targeting LGBTI persons and the criminalization of status and same-sex sexual conduct based on sexual orientation and gender identity; and forced and bonded labor”.

Below is the executive summary

Nigeria is a federal republic composed of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).  In 2015 citizens elected President Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress party to a four-year term in the first successful democratic transfer of power from a sitting president in the country’s history.

Civilian authorities did not always maintain effective control over the security services.

The insurgency in the Northeast by the militant terrorist groups Boko Haram and the Islamic State in West Africa (ISIS-WA) continued.  The groups conducted numerous attacks on government and civilian targets that resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries, widespread destruction, the internal displacement of approximately 1.8 million persons, and external displacement of an estimated 225,000 Nigerian refugees to neighboring countries, principally Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.  Widespread violence across rural Nigeria, including conflict over land and other resources between farmers and herders, resulted in an estimated 1,300 deaths and 300,000 persons internally displaced between January and July, according to the International Crisis Group (ICG).

Human rights issues included unlawful and arbitrary killings by both government and nonstate actors; forced disappearances by both government and nonstate actors; torture by both government and nonstate actors and prolonged arbitrary detention in life-threatening conditions particularly in government detention facilities; harsh and life threatening prison conditions including civilian detentions in military facilities, often based on flimsy or no evidence; infringement on citizens’ privacy rights; criminal libel; substantial interference with the rights of peaceful assembly and freedom of association, in particular for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons; refoulement of refugees; corruption; progress to formally separate child soldiers previously associated with the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF); lack of accountability concerning violence against women, including female genital mutilation/cutting, in part due to government inaction/negligence; trafficking in persons, including sexual exploitation and abuse by security officials; crimes involving violence targeting LGBTI persons and the criminalization of status and same-sex sexual conduct based on sexual orientation and gender identity; and forced and bonded labor.

NIGERIA 2

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2018 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

The government took steps to investigate alleged abuses but fewer steps to prosecute officials who committed violations, whether in the security forces or elsewhere in the government.  Impunity remained widespread at all levels of government.  The government did not adequately investigate or prosecute most of the major outstanding allegations of human rights violations by the security forces or the majority of cases of police or military extortion or other abuse of power.

The Borno State government provided financial and in-kind resources to the CJTF, a nongovernmental self-defense militia that coordinated and at times aligned with the military to prevent attacks against civilian populations by Boko Haram and ISIS-WA.  Human rights organizations and press reporting charged the CJTF with committing human rights abuses.  The government took few steps to investigate or punish CJTF members who committed human rights abuses.

Boko Haram and ISIS-WA conducted numerous attacks targeting civilians.  Boko Haram recruited and forcefully conscripted child soldiers and carried out scores of suicide bombings, many by young women and girls forced into doing so — and other attacks on population centers in the Northeast and in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.  Abductions by Boko Haram and ISIS-WA continued.  Both groups subjected many women and girls to sexual and gender-based violence, including forced marriages, sexual slavery, and rape.  The government investigated attacks by Boko Haram and ISIS-WA and took steps to prosecute their members, although the majority of suspected insurgent group supporters were held in military custody without charge.

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